      ZteLenG Relation and Function    Home Inverses and Radicals Quadratic Function Arithmetic Sequence and Series Relation and Function Bios.. Pictures...  .... Relations and Functions   Relations A relation is a set of inputs and outputs, often written as ordered pairs (input, output). We can also represent a relation as a mapping diagram or a graph. For example, the relation can be represented as: Mapping Diagram of Relation Lines connect the inputs with their outputs. The relation can also be represented as: Graph of Relation     Functions   A function is a relation in which each input has only one output. In the relation , y is a function of x, because for each input x (1, 2, 3, or 0), there is only one output y. x is not a function of y, because the input y = 3 has multiple outputs: x = 1 and x = 2. Examples: \: y is a function of x, x is a function of y.: y is not a function of x (x = 3 has multiple outputs), x is a function of y.: y is a function of x, x is not a function of y (y = 9 has multiple outputs).: y is not a function of x (x = 1 has multiple outputs), x is not a function of y (y = 2 has multiple outputs). The Line Test for Mapping Diagrams To check if a relation is a function, given a mapping diagram of the relation, use the following criterion: If each input has only one line connected to it, then the outputs are a function of the inputs. Example: In the following mapping diagram, y is a function of x, but x is not a function of y: Line Test The Vertical and Horizontal Line Tests for Graphs To determine whether y is a function of x, given a graph of a relation, use the following criterion: if every vertical line you can draw goes through only 1 point, y is a function of x. If you can draw a vertical line that goes through 2 points, y is not a function of x. This is called the vertical line test. Example 1: In the following graph, y is a function of x: Passes Vertical Line Test Example 2: In the following graph, y is not a function of x: Fails Vertical Line Test To determine whether x is a function of y, given a graph of a relation, use the following criterion: If every horizontal line you can draw passes through only 1 point, x is a function of y. If you can draw a horizontal line that passes through 2 points, x is not a function of y. This is called the horizontal line test. Example 1: In the following graph, x is a function of y: Passes Horizontal Line Test Example 2: In the following graph, x is not a function of y: Fails Horizontal Line Test   *END* Math iS cOoL...  